## Homework Tips for Mathematics

Learning tables is very important and it helps if children can practice them regularly. Here is a link to a web site page that provides practice for fives minute intervals at a level that is chosen by you. Try it out.

We feel it is very important that parents know what the schools calculation methods are. One of the aims of the “Open School” initiative is to provide a chance for parents to get to know the methods used in maths. Here are two links that will also help you understand these methods and therefore give you the chance to help your child should they need assistance when at home.

## Here are some more videos of the children demonstrating mathematical methods:

• Vertical Method
• Vertical Partitioning Method
• Using a Number Line
• Using Apparatus to Take Away
• Written Method for Take Away
• Using the Bus Stop Method and Decimals

## RUCSAC

We use the following aid to help the children work through problems. If you hear your child talking about “Rucsac” it may be that they are talking about Maths and not going camping!

• Underline
• Calculation?
• Solve
• Check

## Money

(KS1 Taken with permission from money.co.uk)

If your children are in year 1 or year 2 in our school they’ll be taught about money as part of their math classes. Here are the key sections being introduced to key stage 1 Maths:
Understanding money – Your child will be taught to understand coins and there use in day-to-day life.
Using money – Your child will be taught how money can be used and where is best to store money.
Importance of money – Your child will learn where money comes from and how it is earned.

## What you can do to help…

Don’t worry, you don’t need to be a qualified maths teacher to help your children learn about personal finance. You can use these games to help you introduce finance at home but also to have a bit of fun at the same time.

Identify Coins
You will need one of every coin to play this game, so one 1p, 2p, 5p, 10p, 20p, 50p, £1 and £2 coin. Let your child play with all of the coins for a while to get used to the different colour and shapes.

Find pictures of each coin and stick them to a piece of paper and ask your child to place the actual coins on the right picture. Once they have mastered this, you can replace the pictures of coins with the values, so write down “50p” instead of showing the coin, and repeat the game.

Another fun way to involve your child is when you do a small shop for groceries. Write a list and get your child to cross off each item as you go along. When you approach items, like anapple, ask them to find one to an exact amount for example a 50p apple, rather than a 60p apple.

The idea with these games is to let your child work out what each coin is, where they come from and how to gain them for themselves.

Shop Keeper
Set up a little shop in your home and select a variety of items to sell. You can choose items such as fruit, cereal, milk etc. Next, give your child a selection of coins, ideally one of each available.

You can then ask your child to buy an item from your shop. Give a price to each item and ask your child to come up with the amount using the coins they have. Some examples for this could be:

An apple for 33p (1x1p, 1x2p, 1x10p and 1x 20p)

A pint of milk for 78p (1x1p, 1x2p, 1x5p, 1x20p and 1x50p)

You could start with easier sums for your child to work out and build up to these more complicated sums, but you can judge the difficulty on how receptive your child is to value of the coins.

Make sure you give all the coins used back to your child after each item is bought to allow them to use the coins again for the next item.

Money Word Wall Chart
Start by creating a “money wall chart” which will be filled with words associated with “money”.

Introduce the wall chart to your child and ask them to write down words they think about when you mention “money”.

Write down their words on some paper or have your child write them down as they come up with words.

Once you have a list of words, discuss with your child why they choose the words you have written down. With your help, talk about the words which are linked to money, for example – coins, bank, shopping, doing chores.

Try and give your child the chance to figure out the correct words and even suggest some to see how they get on. Once you find the best words, your child can stick them on the money wall chart. For help on which words to use you can find the game on this guide.

Story Cards

You will need to find 3 pictures:

1. A parent giving money to a child.
2. A child is doing a chore, washing their bike etc.
3. A parent in a work environment.

Show your child each picture in order, one at a time. Ask your child to explain what is happening in each picture, for example – why is the child receiving money in picture 1? Is it a gift or reward for doing a chore?

Then move onto picture 2 and ask what is happening. Try and encourage your child to see past the idea that the picture shows a child washing their bike and ask why the child is washing their bike. This will start to show your child that there is a connection between the first two pictures.

You can then ask what is happening in picture 3. You will want you child to identify that the person in the picture is working, or doing a chore. You can ask your child to write a sentence describing the link from picture 1, 2 and 3 and see if they identify the reason for payment as work or doing a chore.

You can then use pictures that show different varieties of jobs, for example – a fireman, doctor, nurse, lawyer etc. Explain that different jobs offer different money. You can ask your child to draw a picture of a job they think would offer the most money in return for work.

## KS2

Key Stage 2 covers school years 3 to 6 (7-11 year olds), and if you have children of this age this is what they will be learning as part of financial education:

At this age pupils will learn to add and subtract amounts of money, and to give change, using both £ and p in practical contexts. They will also be taught how to confidently and accurately read and speak about money in pounds and pence.

Example Question:
Colin buys a chocolate bar for 1 x one pound coin. Simon spends 4 X 20 pence coins on a packet of crisps. How much do they spend in total?

It’s a great idea to continue your children’s learning at home. Why not use some of the examples above and make up your own questions?

You can also speak to their teacher to find out what is being taught in the classroom to get a better understanding of the level of difficulty and methods being used.

One fun way to teach your kids, and for them to learn, is by using money visually and physically. You could use money at home and ask them to calculate the total amount from a handful of change, or set up a pretend shop and ask them to buy certain items with the exact change.

A great place to go for more question ideas is the IXL website, where you’ll find variety of questions and examples for every school year and every aspect of maths, not just related to financial education.

If your child is about to take their SAT exams see if you can find some practice papers to help them feel more comfortable about what they’ll be asked before the big day.

The Pfeg website is a fantastic resource for all thing financial education related. Although designed mainly for teachers, it offers a host of resources on a variety of financial education subjects, not just maths.

Please don’t hesitate to ask if you have any problems. All staff are happy to help.